The front of the chest is referred to as the breast, or the mammary gland to be more precise. Specialized surgery that is performed on the breast is known as breast surgery. Globally, there are several types of surgery procedures done on breasts either for aesthetic or for medical treatment purposes. Below are some of them:
Lumpectomy – This is a surgical procedure done to excise a lump of tissue from the breast, in most instances to treat breast cancer or a tumour.
Mastectomy – Is a surgical operation done partially or entirely to get rid of one or both breasts as a curative or preventive measure for breast cancer.
Augmentation mammoplasty – Also referred to as breast augmentation or “boob job” (street slang) is a breast surgical procedure performed to boost size, shape – for example through teardrop implants – curves and aesthetic appeal for a variety of other reasons.
Reduction mammoplasty – This is a breast reduction procedure that entails excision of extra adipose tissue, skin and other mammary gland tissues.
Mastopexy – Also known as breast lift, is a surgical procedure to remove excess skin, support and uplift sagging breasts.
Microdochectomy – This is a breast corrective procedure carried out to remove a lactiferous duct that conveys nipple discharge.
Other minor and more conservative surgical procedures include breast-conserving surgery, abscess-extraction surgery, breast biopsy and breast reconstruction surgery.
The actual appointment for breast surgery should be meticulously planned to enable one focus with undivided attention on breast surgery and getting healed afterwards. Given below is a brief checklist to aid in planning ahead and ensuring a smooth and quick recovery:
• Make preparation for a chauffeur or someone to take you to and from your procedure and for any friend or relative to stay around for the first 24 hours after your surgery.
• If you have small children, plan for their care during the first few days following your breast surgery. Help and support allow you to relax and start your recovery.
• Strategically put anything you’ll require close-by, reachable or easily accessible to after the breast surgery.
• Shop for enough read to eat, simple and fast-to-prepare foods, refreshments and healthy snacks.
• Gladly partake servings of a healthy and balanced diet
• Consumption of alcoholic drinks and beverages should be discontinued two weeks before the surgical appointment or as advised by your surgeon.
• Smoking should be prohibited two weeks before and after the surgical procedure, to minimize exposure to chest infections and exacerbate scarring.
• Refrain from extremely vigorous exercise the day before your procedure
• Discuss with the consultant surgeon on post-operative dressing specifically the bra, pressure bandage or sports lingerie for extra support and appropriate positioning during the recovery process. In the case of implants, more support will be required to, during the purchasing of any lingerie, it will be important to take precautions and by well-fitting and bras that may offer much-needed comfort for the long agonizing hours of recuperating.
• Any medicine being taken without a doctor’s prescription should be disclosed to the surgeon before undertaking the procedure. Do not take aspirin or ibuprofen.
• It is advisable to strictly adhere to the surgeon’s instructions as pertains to taking meals before and after the surgery.
• Using antiseptic soap to take shower, a night prior to the appointed date of the surgery. It might be prudent and helpful because postoperative bathing may be inadvisable.
• Using the appropriate nail remover, thoroughly clean all nail polish it is imperative for the Anesthetist to keep track of transmission and movement of blood in the system.
• Any natural or herbal drugs should not be taken unless recommended otherwise. Unpleasant anesthetic reactions may be experienced if supplements like St. John’s wort, ginkgo biloba, green tea extract, ginseng, and garlic continue to be used.