How To Prepare For Breast Surgery

prepare for breast sugery

The front of the chest is referred to as the breast, or the mammary gland to be more precise. Specialized surgery that is performed on the breast is known as breast surgery. Globally, there are several types of surgery procedures done on breasts either for aesthetic or for medical treatment purposes. Below are some of them:

Lumpectomy – This is a surgical procedure done to excise a lump of tissue from the breast, in most instances to treat breast cancer or a tumour.

Mastectomy – Is a surgical operation done partially or entirely to get rid of one or both breasts as a curative or preventive measure for breast cancer.

Augmentation mammoplasty – Also referred to as breast augmentation or “boob job” (street slang) is a breast surgical procedure performed to boost size, shape – for example through teardrop implants – curves and aesthetic appeal for a variety of other reasons.

Reduction mammoplasty – This is a breast reduction procedure that entails excision of extra adipose tissue, skin and other mammary gland tissues.

Mastopexy – Also known as breast lift, is a surgical procedure to remove excess skin, support and uplift sagging breasts.

Microdochectomy –  This is a breast corrective procedure carried out to remove a lactiferous duct that conveys nipple discharge. 

Other minor and more conservative surgical procedures include breast-conserving surgery, abscess-extraction surgery, breast biopsy and breast reconstruction surgery.

The actual appointment for breast surgery should be meticulously planned to enable one focus with undivided attention on breast surgery and getting healed afterwards. Given below is a brief checklist to aid in planning ahead and ensuring a smooth and quick recovery:

•   Make preparation for a chauffeur or someone to take you to and from your procedure and for any friend or relative to stay around for the first 24 hours after your surgery.

•   If you have small children, plan for their care during the first few days following your breast surgery. Help and support allow you to relax and start your recovery.

•  Strategically put anything you’ll require close-by, reachable or easily accessible to after the breast surgery.

•  Shop for enough read to eat, simple and fast-to-prepare foods, refreshments and healthy snacks. 

•  Gladly partake servings of a healthy and balanced diet 

•  Consumption of alcoholic drinks and beverages should be discontinued two weeks before the surgical appointment or as advised by your surgeon.

•   Smoking should be prohibited two weeks before and after the surgical procedure, to minimize exposure to chest infections and exacerbate scarring.

•   Refrain from extremely vigorous exercise the day before your procedure

•   Discuss with the consultant surgeon on post-operative dressing specifically the bra, pressure bandage or sports lingerie for extra support and appropriate positioning during the recovery process. In the case of implants, more support will be required to, during the purchasing of any lingerie, it will be important to take precautions and by well-fitting and bras that may offer much-needed comfort for the long agonizing hours of recuperating.

•   Any medicine being taken without a doctor’s prescription should be disclosed to the surgeon before undertaking the procedure. Do not take aspirin or ibuprofen.

•   It is advisable to strictly adhere to the surgeon’s instructions as pertains to taking meals before and after the surgery.

•  Using antiseptic soap to take shower, a night prior to the appointed date of the surgery. It might be prudent and helpful because postoperative bathing may be inadvisable.

•  Using the appropriate nail remover, thoroughly clean all nail polish it is imperative for the Anesthetist to keep track of transmission and movement of blood in the system.

 •  Any natural or herbal drugs should not be taken unless recommended otherwise. Unpleasant anesthetic reactions may be experienced if supplements like St. John’s wort, ginkgo biloba, green tea extract, ginseng, and garlic continue to be used.

Run A Successful Cosmetic Surgery Business

pexels photo 935869

Cosmetic surgery has become an important branch of medicine. The aim of this article is to share the guidelines for setting up an ethical and professional aesthetic practice with the hope to act as a guidance for dermatologists. Dermatologists should have an integrated practice of clinical dermatology, dermatosurgery and cosmetic dermatology. Ethical practice is the gold standard for any medical field, especially with dermatologists, who should avoid doing unnecessary procedures. Proper patient counseling and addressing the patients’ concerns is imperative.

Cosmetic surgery has been defined as a branch of surgery and medicine that restricts itself to appearance enhancement by using surgical and medical techniques. This particular line of medicine focuses on maintaining or restoring physical appearance, as well as the ability to enhance physical body parts to the extent of the patient’s aesthetic ideal. Aesthetic procedures have become “need felt” and hence, this article aims to guide dermatologists how to set up a professional and ethical aesthetic practice.

Factors for Success


One of the most important elements of your a successful practice is the location. You should research the geographic location that you would like to practice in to determine the demographics of your patients. Be familiar with all hospitals, dermatology clinics and other aesthetic centers around.


Maintain a center of excellence in all aspects. One should have an integrated practice of clinical dermatology, dermatosurgery, and cosmetic dermatology. For example, if an acne patient comes to the clinic, you would require to treat the active acne and plan to treat the acne scars or post inflammatory hyperpigmentation subsequently.

Keep up to date with the latest and recent advances so as to offer your patients the best possible treatment available. Remember, cosmetic procedures are not just about appearance enhancing injectables or dermal fillers, but also about patients’ health and safety. Therefore, every case must be treated with professional competence and due care.

Practice and personnel:

Physicians should see their practices from the perspective of the patient.

Hence, take a walk around your clinic, observe each area, enter through the front door, sit in the waiting room, check the washrooms, sit and observe the front desk staff greeting your clients on the telephone and in person, your assistant clinicians, and the treatment rooms. As everyone’s time is precious, make sure patients are not waiting for a long time for consultations, procedures, and at the billing counter.

Front desk staff should be well groomed, have knowledge of general office principles and be proficient in phone etiquette and customer service. It is preferable if they are dressed in smart and trendy uniforms.

Efficient handling of appointments can be done when the reception staff is adequately counseled and trained to handle appointments. Allocate sufficient time for the procedures that have to be done. Especially in busy cities like Melbourne, time management becomes extremely important. For example, doing a laser hair removal for the lower limbs will require you to shave the hair before starting the procedure. Therefore, you should take into account the time needed to complete the laser hair removal and do not overlap with other appointments.


Be an aggressive listener and communicate effectively. Have a non-judgmental attitude and watch out for any signs of body dysmorphic disorder. It is always better to avoid doing a procedure on the first consultation with the patient, as this would give them time to think and to prepare themselves.

Always address the concerns of the patient. This will instill confidence in the patient. Call them for regular follow up and monitor the progress of the condition.


Before doing any procedure, make sure you have explained adequately to the patient – the procedure details, alternatives available, risks involved, complications that can arise, the outcome expected, duration of treatment and expenses involved.

When one is beginning aesthetic practice, it is important to start with basic aesthetic proceduresgradually gain confidence and improve one’s skill. For example, learn and master the art of basic chemical peels or toxin injections rather than beginning with complicated or advanced procedures.

As with lasers, it is often a sensible practice to rent or share a laser on a monthly basis with a group of physicians/dermatologists so that the financial burden is reduced and one can build up the laser practice to ensure a steady flow of patients before investing in a laser for treatments.


They say a picture speaks a thousand words; hence, good and standardized imaging is very essential. Good photographs help in monitoring the progress of a disease or condition help to communicate effectively with scientific communities during presentations and publications.

Professional skills:

There are many fellowship programs that are designed to equip you with the necessary skills for practicing cosmetic dermatology. Working as an understudy to a cosmetic dermatologist will also help you to gain experience.

Performing evaluation trials: New machines that come into the market that claim to be effective in various conditions can be tested by performing evaluation trials before being offered to patients. Using good imaging methods and other devices (e.g., chromometer, mexameter) we can assess the effectiveness of the machine.

Skin care products:

Many dermatologists have their own pharmacy so that the products they prescribe are easily available.


The first step would be to identify various vendors. Narrow down to a list of preferred vendors based on factors such as the cost of the equipment and spares, training provided by the vendor, credibility of the company, after sales services and annual maintenance, system performance, warranty and extended warranties.

Patient records:

It is essential to maintain a database of patient records. It not only becomes easier to remember past details of patients’ treatment and procedures but also helps in building a rapport with the patient. One can use electronic medical records (EMR) to access details of the patients. Numerous online systems are available to doctors that allow patients not only to book appointments online, cancel appointments but also to get SMS reminders of the time and date of their appointment.


One need not spend a fortune on advertising. Internet marketing and mobile advertising is the latest means of mass communication. However, this is a controversial topic and one needs to be ethical and follow guidelines defined by medical boards. An attractive and informative website is an important prerequisite. Ensure that all information is accurate and genuine.


Tell readers, listeners, viewers what’s new in the world of cosmetic dermatology, so that any new technologies that have been introduced in the market recently can be conveyed to the consumers. Invite your audience to learn more by attending your online “Webinars” either through email, patient newsletter, social media or personal blogs etc. touch base with them. Tell them what’s new in your practice and in the world of cosmetic dermatology.


Also, pay attention to your personnel. It might be a good idea to employ management techniques to boost worker productivity.

Have a conservative approach. It is better to undertreat the patient. Also, make sure the patients have realistic expectations. If a complication arises, treat the patient sympathetically and gently, rather than ignoring the patient. Offer to see the patient more frequently to allay patient fears. Corrective treatment may be offered free of charge.


Property Damage Insurance coverage is a must following installation of the device.

Electronic insurance plan should be taken for the system-that covers all the parts and electronics of the device. Many insurance companies offer electronic insurance that may be cheaper than the annual maintenance charges (AMC) offered by the laser companies after the warranty period is over. While taking insurance it is important to specify which parts are covered and mention it in the policy. Fire and burglary insurance and insurance for mobility from one clinic to another also need to be done.

A World First-Australian Surgeon Inserts 3D-printed Vertebrae

The field of medicine has taken another leap forward. this report which was aired on the ABC in Melbourne shows that an Australian neurosurgeon has completed a world-first marathon surgery removing cancer-riddled vertebrae and successfully replacing them with a 3D-printed body part. the transcript of the story is below:

MATT WORDSWORTH, PRESENTER: An Australian neurosurgeon has delivered a world-first, successfully removing two cancerous vertebrae from a patient’s neck and replacing them with a 3D-printed artificial bone part. There was a risk the patient would die on the operating table during the mammoth 15-hour surgery, which first separated and then successfully reattached the skull to the spinal tissue with the new 3D-printed bone. Doctors say 3D-printed body parts will spearhead a new wave of medicine, allowing customised replacements of bones and organs. Conor Duffy reports.

RALPH MOBBS, NEUROSURGEON: The patient’s head is attached to almost like a GPS tracking system, which is this attached to that machine there.

CONOR DUFFY, REPORTER: At the Prince of Wales Hospital in Sydney, a man’s life is in the balance as neurosurgeon Dr Ralph Mobbs reaches a critical stage of 15-hour surgery.

RALPH MOBBS: This is high-risk surgery. There’s no doubt about it. We’re operating at the top of the spinal cord and the brain stem. There are large blood vessels that feed the – feed the brain and all of those structures are immediately adjacent to where we’re operating.

CONOR DUFFY: It’s the first time in the world this operation has been attempted.

RALPH MOBBS: The surgery that we’re doing today is a particularly complicated and long and difficult surgery. It involves exposure at the top of the neck where the neck and the head meets. And it’s essentially disattaching the patient’s head from his neck and taking the tumour out and reattaching his head back onto his neck.

CONOR DUFFY: The patient, Drage Josevski, has a rare and particularly nasty type of spinal cancer called chordoma. The X-rays show Drage’s tumour is in a very dangerous position and is constricting his top two vertebra.

RALPH MOBBS: Without surgery and without treatment of this type of tumour, the outlook for this patient would be particularly nasty and a particularly horrific way of dying. It’s – there’s no two ways about it. He would gradually lose function of his arms and legs, gradually lose function of his capacity to breathe, eat. Let’s not take it too far further than that. It’s not a pleasant death at all.

CONOR DUFFY: Dr Mobbs custom designed this operation and used computer models to plan it out well before arriving in theatre. Surgeons have to enter through the patient’s mouth, remove the tumour as well as the top two vertebra and replace them with a titanium 3D-printed body part.

RALPH MOBBS: So this is the front of the neck where the tumour is being resected from and this is the space that we will have at the completion of the completion of the tumour resection. As you can see, it’s a large gap. But we’ve pre-planned the prosthesis to fit perfectly in place, like a glove, and that will form the stability for where the neck and the head meet so that his head won’t fall off.

ANATOMICS REPRESENTATIVE (Advertisement): Anatomics manufactures surgical implants from a range of materials and they include acrylic, titanium, and more recently, porous polyethylene.

CONOR DUFFY: The three-dimensional body part was designed by a Victorian company called Anatomics, who say this technology is for everybody, whether you wear size small clothing or plus size clothing. This new range of products are allowing surgeons to consider a whole new suite of operations that were once unthinkable.

How important do you think 3D-printed body parts are to the future of medicine?

RALPH MOBBS: Oh, huge, massive. I mean, 3D printing of body parts is the next phase of individualised health care. To restore bones, joints, organs with this type of technology really is super exciting. And, you know, Australia is supposed to be the smart country. Well, here is our opportunity to really take it out there and to keep pushing the boundaries on the whole 3D-printed body part business.

CONOR DUFFY: It’s only now, two months after the 15-hour surgery, that Dr Ralph Mobbs is about to deliver the news on whether the tumour was successfully removed and replaced by the 3D-printed body part. It felt like I was in a museum and art design class.

RALPH MOBBS: I must say that it was a delight to put in, because after spending 15 hours taking out a very complicated tumour, it was beautiful just to slot in the implant and to have it fit so nicely and to be able to reconstruct the space left by the tumour. The surgery went really, really well.

CONOR DUFFY: Drage has unexpectedly good movement in his neck and it appears the tumour has been removed. But there was a complication. Drage’s having trouble eating and speaking and that’s expected to take some months to heal.

RALPH MOBBS: The complications that you’ve currently got are all related to the fact that we’ve gone through your mouth and we’ve stretched your mouth open for many, many hours and it’s – the complications are related to the fact that there’s been a prolonged exposure through your mouth.

TANYA JOSEVSKA, DAUGHTER: Every day he gets better and better. I think his speech is improving. I know that there’s a long way to go with that. There is so much faith in this process that one day he may even be able to build museum custom showcases.

CONOR DUFFY: Drage’s daughter Tanya and his wife Lila helped translate during his interview with 7.30, reliving the longest day of their lives.

TANYA JOSEVSKA: It was just really hard for Dad knowing that that’s what he had to go through. And not knowing what the outcome would be, as he said, like, we didn’t know if he could die in the operation. We didn’t know what kind of complications could happen. I mean, the doctors explained it, but you never really know.

LILA JOSEVSKA, WIFE: I have a some gift for you.

RALPH MOBBS: Yeah? Oh, wow!

LILA JOSEVSKA: You saved life to my husband. And thank you very much.

RALPH MOBBS: Oh, thank you very much.

LILA JOSEVSKA: You make an amazing, amazing job.

RALPH MOBBS: Oh, thank you.

LILA JOSEVSKA: Thank you very much.

RALPH MOBBS: Thank you.

TANYA JOSEVSKA: He’s just excited to be around for my wedding and to, um, grandkids, to see his grandkids grow up and just be in our life. That’s why he did the operation.

MATT WORDSWORTH: Conor Duffy with that report.


How They Print Bones in 3D

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