For Obese Patients, There Are Big Health Benefits in Small Weight Loss

wight loss big benefits
In England, the obese population has risen from 15% to 26% in the past 20 years, with the proportion classified as overweight hovering at around 37%. Photograph: Garo/Phanie/REX Shutterstock

A story in the Guardian this morning has an article with claims that could benefit a large portion of our population. A recent study shows that obese people if they just lost just 5% of their weight, will see  ‘profound benefits’ through better control of insulin in the liver, fat and muscle tissues. Quite amazing when you think about this, and the benefits don’t stop there physically, it also improves your mentality; which aids in positivity when thinking about holidaying in amazing places like Apollo bay accommodation or relaxing beach cottages.

Even small reductions in bodyweight through personal training courses can have a profound impact on the health of obese people and their risk of future disease, researchers say.

Results from recent research found a 5% weight reduction in 40 obese males and females between the ages of 32 and 56 years was associated with significant increases in health through improved insulin control in the liver, fat and muscle tissues.

Lowered risk of both diabetes and heart disease where some of the changes noted. These two complications are in the top three of serious complications obese people face; cancer being the other.

Samuel Klein, director of the Center for Human Nutrition at Washington University in St Louis, said that expert societies generally recommend obese people lose 5 to 10% of their bodyweight if they want to improve their health. But until now, there has been little research into the effects of losing 5% rather than 10%, which is tougher to achieve.
“It’s important to distinguish what benefits you get from 5% versus 10%, because losing 10% of your bodyweight is so much harder,” Klein said. “We were surprised to see really profound benefits in multiple organ systems simultaneously with only a small change in body weight. The biggest bang for your buck is with 5% weight loss.”

Of the 40 participants,, researchers monitored 20 obese people who kept their weight throughout the study and tasked another 20 with reducing their weight by 5% of their initial weight, then 10% and finally
The researchers followed 20 obese people who maintained their bodyweight during the study, and another 20 who were tasked with losing 5% of their weight initially, and then 10% and finally 15% at conclusion of the study. 19 individuals in the weight loss condition achieved a 5% reduction in weight. Only 45% if the weight loss group managed to successfuly lose the targeted 15% of their bodyweight.

Most improvements noticed in perceived insulin sensitivity of participants were recorded with the first 5% reduction in weight. For a person weighing 100kg, or 15 stone 7 pounds, that amounts to losing 5kg or 11lbs. The research can be found in the journal Cell Metabolism.

The obese population has risen from 15% to 26% in the past 20 years. Furthermore, approximately 37% of the population is classed as overweight. Only a third of men in England and about 40% of women have a healthy body mass index, defined as between 18.5 and 24.9. Increase in the obesity rates are not unique to the UK; Obesity rates have also reached 35% in the US and 28% in Australia

“This is an important message for healthcare professionals to get across to patients in that even if this weight loss might seem small in terms of patient expectations, it conveys a significant health benefit. Clearly if you lose more weight the benefits are even greater,” said Jeremy Tomlinson, professor of metabolic endocrinology at Oxford University.

Heart health dietitian Tracy Parker, who works at the British Heart Foundation, added: “This study is good news for people who struggle with their weight as it suggests that even losing a small amount of weight can have a positive impact on heart health.”

As little as 5% weight loss resulted in improved blood pressure, levels of triglyceride fats in the blood, and blood sugar which are all risk factors for heart disease.
Greater heart health was achieved by further weight loss. This research is an ample reminder of how grdual weight reduction to a healthy target has many benefits. A good method to ensuring healthy weight loss appears to be aspiring to achieve 5% weight loss each time

Weight loss is not the only lifestyle change that can be implemented to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Quiting smoking, reducing alcohol intake and increasing physical activity all aid to reduce heart disease risk.

Original story here: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/22/small-weight-loss-brings-big-health-benefits-for-obese-patients